Philosophical Perspectives on Religion, Ethical and Moral Values (6)

Types of ethical theory are:

  1. Consequentialism suggests that a good action is one whose results favor the majority of those affected by the action.
  2. Egoism
  3. Altruism is a version of consequentialism that holds that a good action is the one whose result is for the benefit of everyone affected by the action except for the performer of the action.
  4. Hedonism means every individual has the right to do everything in their power to achieve the most significant amount of pleasure possible for them.
  5. Collectivism: the core principle of this theory is that the right action is the one that places a higher emphasis on the effects of moral action on the collectivity of the group. Their identities, goals, rights, and outcomes as more important than the interests of the individual that constitutes the group
  6. Relativism
  7. Absolutism
  8. Utilitarianism
  9. Situationism
  10. Ascriptivism
  11. Decisionism is premised on the argument that it is not the content of a decision that matters or makes it suitable.
  12. Emotivism
  13. Ethical formalism – here, moral judgments are based on the conformity of an action to universal laws or universal prescriptions.
  14. Moral absolutism conjectures a right or wrong action as good or bad in themselves irrespective of the reason for acting and the consequences of performing them.
  15. The Divine Command

***tomorrow, I will discuss the Philosophical Perspectives of Moral Values. Join me please.

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